3.1.10 The Autochrome and Innovation

The late 1800's and early 1900's saw great innovation in photography. The first image, an autochrome taken by Josef Jindřich Šechtl (circa 1908) of his future wife in a garden provides an example of what was, perhaps, the most important breakthrough of that era. The autochrome was the "first color process to get beyond hte novelty stage and become commercially successful." It allowed photographers access to the possibilities of color and added greater realism to the realm of photography. A second and different breakthrough came during the 1890's with the invention of the kinetoscope, a movie-like apparatus that allowed the individual to perceive motion when turning a crank moved film in from of a light source. This second still frame is taken from a film that shows Fred Ott sneezing.
Both processes made the arena of photography seem more realistic and paved the way for further advancements.

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